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Gene expression of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) in bovine endometrium during early pregnancy

Gene expression of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) in bovine endometrium during early pregnancy

Theriogenology 60(7): 1217-1226

ISSN/ISBN: 0093-691X

PMID: 14511776

DOI: 10.1016/s0093-691x(02)01365-1

Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF), members of the group of hemopoietic cytokines, play a primary role in the control of embryo development and implantation and in the growth of the placenta in humans and mice. Gene expressions of LIF and M-CSF were investigated using quantitative RT-PCR in bovine endometrial tissues during early and mid-pregnancy (Days 16-17, 20-21, 30-36, 48-49 and 74-140) and during the estrous cycle (Days 13-14). Leukemia inhibitory factor and M-CSF genes were expressed in all samples examined. Significant differences were found between the gene expression patterns of LIF and M-CSF. Leukemia inhibitory factor expression level at Days 48-49 was the highest in caruncular endometrium, however, the large variability negated any significant differences. Leukemia inhibitory factor expression levels in intercaruncular endometrium at Days 48-49 and 74-140 of pregnancy were greater than at Days 13-14 of the estrous cycle and at other days of pregnancy. No significant change was recognized in M-CSF expression levels in caruncular endometrium. Macrophage colony stimulating factor expression level in intercaruncular endometrium at Days 74-140 was greater than those of the other samples. These results suggest that LIF and M-CSF are produced in the endometrium and may play different roles in early and mid-pregnancy.

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Accession: 003781130

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