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Influence of integrated use of organic manures and inorganic fertilizers on wheat yields and soil properties



Influence of integrated use of organic manures and inorganic fertilizers on wheat yields and soil properties



Research on Crops 3(1): 11-16



A field experiment was conducted during winter seasons of 1997-98 and 1998-99 at CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, India, to study the influence of organic manures (no manure, farmyard manure at 15 t, vermicompost at 10 and 15 t and pressmud at 2.5 and 5 t ha-1) and inorganic fertilizers (no fertilizer, nitrogen at 60 kg, 120 kg, 90 kg ha-1+ Azotobacter and recommended dose of N, P2O5 and K2O) in split plot design replicated thrice, on the wheat yields and soil properties (organic carbon, pH, electrical conductivity and available NPK). Application of organic manures increased grain and straw yields of wheat, organic carbon content and available NPK in soil significantly during both the years, whereas soil pH and electrical conductivity did not alter under the influence of organic manures as well as fertilizer levels. Increasing levels of nitrogen and recommended NPK also increased grain and straw yield of wheat, organic carbon content, pH and electrical conductivity of soil during both the years. The highest yields, organic carbon content and available NPK were recorded under the treatments of vermicompost at 15 t ha-1 and recommended dose of NPK. The effects of farmyard manure at 15 t, vermicompost at 10 t and pressmud at 5 t ha-1 were recorded at par amongst each other and influence of nitrogen at 120 and 90 kg ha-1+Azotobacter was statistically similar to that of recommended dose of NPK except on available potassium in soil which showed a significant decrement with nitrogen application.

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