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Influence of temperature and host plant on the development, survivorship, and reproduction of Aphis gossypii (Homoptera: Aphididae)

Influence of temperature and host plant on the development, survivorship, and reproduction of Aphis gossypii (Homoptera: Aphididae)

Plant Protection Bulletin Taipei 44(4): 317-327

The development, survival, and reproduction of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera, Aphididae) were evaluated at five constant temperatures of 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30[degree]C, on three host plants, Psidium guajava L., Bidens pilosa L., and Ageratum houstonianum Mill. All cotton aphids died in the nymphal stage at 10[degree]C on P. guajava, and also at 35[degree]C on all three host plants. Adult body length decreased with increasing temperature from 15 to 30[degree]C on A. houstonianum and B. pilosa, and from 20 to 30[degree]C on P. guajava. The developmental periods to the age of the first larviposition ranged from 5.1 days at 25[degree]C to 18.9 days at 15[degree]C on P. guajava, from 6.1 days at 25[degree]C to 22.8 days at 10[degree]C on B. pilosa, and from 4.4 days at 30[degree]C to 25.2 days at 10[degree]C on A. houstonianum. The greatest mortality of immatures occurred at 10[degree]C, with 100.0% on P. guajava, 10.0% on B. pilosa, and 23.3% on A. houstonianum. Some adult aphids failed to carry out reproduction at 10 and 15[degree]C. The mean lifetime fecundity per female ranged from 5.8 nymphs at 30[degree]C to 36.5 nymphs at 25[degree]C on P. guajava, from 8.7 nymphs at 30[degree]C to 35.1 nymphs at 20[degree]C on B. pilosa, and from 9.4 nymphs at 10[degree]C to 49.9 nymphs at 20[degree]C on A. houstonianum. It appeared that the cotton aphid had the greatest growth, fastest development, and highest fecundity at most temperatures except at 10[degree]C on A. houstonianum. In contrast, the cotton aphid showed the poorest performances at 10 and 15[degree]C on P. guajava, and at 25[degree]C on B. pilosa. Mathematical equations used in this study adequately described the relationships of developmental rates and fecundities with temperature.

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