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Non-invasive in vivo magnetic resonance imaging assessment of acute aflatoxin B1 hepatotoxicity in rats



Non-invasive in vivo magnetic resonance imaging assessment of acute aflatoxin B1 hepatotoxicity in rats



Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, General Subjects 1475(3): 314-320



Acute aflatoxin B1 (AFB1)-induced hepatotoxicity was assessed in vivo in male Sprague-Dawley rats (150-300 g) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI results were compared to serum enzyme levels, histology and electron microscopy. Twenty-four hours following intraperitoneal delivery of AFB1 (3 mg/kg body weight in a saline/dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO; 0.03 ml/kg body weight) solution), regions of damage, characterised by increased proton signal intensities in T2-weighted images, were observed in the vicinity of the hepatic portal vein (HPV) and in the right medial regions of the liver. Image analysis of regions of apparent damage around the HPV and right medial regions, following 24 h of AFB1 exposure, indicated statistically significant (P<0.05) increases in proton image signal intensities, when compared to saline/DMSO-treated rats. No significant difference in proton image signal intensities were observed 1-2 h following AFB1 exposure. Twenty-four hours following AFB1 exposure, histopathological assessment was characterised by portal/central vein/artery congestion, sinusoid congestion, nuclear pyknosis and karyolysis, and hepatocyte vacuolation; electron microscopy (EM) examination indicated nuclear debris, swollen cytoplasmic compartments, vacuolation, and the disappearance of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum, and elevated levels of serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase were found to be significantly different (P<0.01) than controls.

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Accession: 003863138

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PMID: 10913831

DOI: 10.1016/s0304-4165(00)00084-2


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