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Resveratrol isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum root prevents tumor growth and metastasis to lung and tumor-induced neovascularization in Lewis lung carcinoma-bearing mice

, : Resveratrol isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum root prevents tumor growth and metastasis to lung and tumor-induced neovascularization in Lewis lung carcinoma-bearing mice. Journal of Nutrition 131(6): 1844-1849

Resveratrol is a naturally occurring phytoalexine found in medicinal plants. We found that resveratrol, at doses of 2.5 and 10 mg/kg, significantly reduced the tumor volume (42%), tumor weight (44%) and metastasis to the lung (56%) in mice bearing highly metastatic Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) tumors, but not at a dose of 0.6 mg/kg. Resveratrol did not affect the number of CD4+, CD8+ and natural killer (NK)1.1.+ T cells in the spleen. Therefore, the inhibitory effects of resveratrol on tumor growth and lung metastasis could not be explained by natural killer or cytotoxic T-lymphocyte activation. In addition, resveratrol inhibited DNA synthesis most strongly in LLC cells; its 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) was 6.8 mmol/L. Resveratrol at 100 mmol/L increased apoptosis to 20.6 [plus or minus] 1.35% from 12.1 [plus or minus] 0.36% (P < 0.05) in LLC cells, and decreased the S phase population to 22.1 [plus or minus] 1.03% and 29.2 [plus or minus] 0.27% from 35.2 [plus or minus] 1.72% (P < 0.05) at concentrations of 50 and 100 mmol/L, respectively. Resveratrol inhibited tumor-induced neovascularization at doses of 2.5 and 10 mg/kg in an in vivo model. Moreover, resveratrol significantly inhibited the formation of capillary-like tube formation from human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) at concentrations of 10-100 mmol/L; the degree of the inhibition of capillary-like tube formation by resveratrol was 45.5% at 10 mmol/L, 50.2% at 50 mmol/L and 52.6% at 100 mmol/L. Resveratrol inhibited the binding of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to HUVEC at concentrations of 10-100 mmol/L, but not at concentrations of 1 and 5 mmol/L. The degree of inhibition of VEGF binding to HUVEC by resveratrol was 16.9% at 10 mmol/L, 53.2% at 50 mmol/L and 47.8% at 100 mmol/L. We suggest that the antitumor and antimetastatic activities of resveratrol might be due to the inhibition of DNA synthesis in LLC cells and the inhibition of LLC-induced neovascularization and tube formation (angiogensis) of HUVEC by resveratrol Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

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