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Seed germination ecophysiology of the Asian species Osmorhiza aristata (Apiaceae): comparison with its North American congeners and implications for evolution of types of dormancy



Seed germination ecophysiology of the Asian species Osmorhiza aristata (Apiaceae): comparison with its North American congeners and implications for evolution of types of dormancy



American Journal of Botany 89(5): 829-835



Osmorhiza aristata is an herbaceous perennial that grows primarily in Japan, through southern China, to the Himalayas. It closely resembles the eastern North American species O. claytonii and O. longistylis, and, together, the three species are an example of the well-known North American-Asian pattern of disjunction. Requirements for dormancy break and embryo growth were determined for seeds of O. aristata collected in Japan during the summers of 1998-2000. Embryos in fresh seeds were ca. 0.5mm long, and they had to grow to 9mm before the radicle emerged from the mericarp. Embryo growth and germination occurred during cold stratification at 5[degree]C, the optimum temperature for germination. Gibberellic acid did not substitute for cold stratification. Thus, O. aristata seeds have deep complex morphophysiological dormancy (MPD). The type of MPD in O. aristata is similar to that in two western North American congeners but different from that in eastern North American congeners (nondeep complex MPD). Mapping the types of MPD onto a phylogeny of the genus suggests that nondeep complex MPD is derived from deep complex MPD. Although eastern North American-Asian disjuncts often exhibit morphological stasis, the taxa may differ greatly in physiological traits, such as seed dormancy. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

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Accession: 003928110

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PMID: 21665683

DOI: 10.3732/ajb.89.5.829


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