Transfer of kodo millet production technology on farmer's field through frontline demonstration in Kymore plateau of Madhya Pradesh
Singh, R.P.; Shrivastava, S.N.
Advances in Plant Sciences 14(2): 321-326
Five agronomic technologies (use of improved seeds, application of recommended fertilizer rate, line sowing, intercropping and sole cropping) were evaluated on kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum) during the kharif seasons of 1997 and 1998 in Madhya Pradesh, India and compared with the traditional farmers' practice. The lowest, highest and average seed yield potential increased by 37, 66 and 67%, respectively, with the use of improved cultivars (JK 62, JK 76, JK 41, GPUK 3 and RPS 136-1). Average seed yields of improved and local cultivars were 15.07 and 9.40 q/ha, respectively. The return per rupee invested on improved cultivars was 29% higher than that of the local cultivar. The adoption of line sowing (25 cm distance between rows) over broadcasting increased the yield by 22.5%. The application of the recommended fertilizer rate (40 kg N + 20 kg P2O5/ha) increased the grain yield by 72% compared with the conventional practice of not applying these fertilizers. Intercropping kodo millet with pigeonpea (2:1) increased the net return by 35% compared with mixed cropping adopted by the farmers. Likewise, the seed equivalent was higher with the former (43 q/ha) than the latter (33 q/ha) practice. The net return of sole cropping of kodo millet was 74% lower than that of the mixed cropping system (kodo millet + arhar [Cajanus cajan] + jowar [Sorghum bicolor] + til [Sesamum indicum] + urid [Vigna mungo] + ambari [Hibiscus cannabinus]).