Section 5
Chapter 4,039

Analysis of bitter limonoids in citrus juices by atmospheric pressure chemical ionization and electrospray ionization liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

Manners, G.D.; Breksa, A.P.; Schoch, T.K.; Hidalgo, M.B.

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51(13): 3709-3714


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-8561
PMID: 12797731
DOI: 10.1021/jf021124t
Accession: 004038204

Improved analytical techniques for bitter limonoids in citrus and citrus juices can expedite the evaluation of freeze-induced citrus damage for citrus growers and juice quality for citrus juice producers. Microbore normal-phase and reverse-phase chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometer operating in a positive ion atmospheric pressure chemical ionization and electrospray ionization modes were found to be rapid, selective, and sensitive methods for the analysis of the bitter limonoids limonin and nomilin in citrus juices. Analysis was performed on a chloroform extract of citrus juice to which an internal standard was added. The methods are capable of detecting citrus limonoids in citrus juice in the 60-200 picogram range and quantifying citrus juice limonoids in concentrations as low as 120 picograms. An accurate "total limonoid bitterness" in citrus juice, as represented by the combined occurrence of limonin and nomilin, is easily determined by these methods.

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