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Avidin expressed in transgenic rice confers resistance to the stored-product insect pests Tribolium confusum and Sitotroga cerealella

Yoza, K.-I.; Imamura, T.; Kramer, K.J.; Morgan, T.D.; Nakamura, S.; Akiyama, K.; Kawasaki, S.; Takaiwa, F.; Ohtsubo, K.'i.

Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 69(5): 966-971

2005


ISSN/ISBN: 0916-8451
PMID: 15914917
DOI: 10.1271/bbb.69.966
Accession: 004052036

Rice (Oryza sativa var. Nipponbare) was transformed with an artificial avidin gene. The features of this construct are as follows: (1) a signal peptide sequence derived from barley alpha amylase was added at the N-terminal region, (2) codon usage of the gene was optimized for rice, and (3) the gene was driven by rice glutelin GluB-1, an endosperm-specific promoter. Avidin was produced in the grain of the transgenic rice but not in the leaves. The concentration of avidin in the kernels was about 1,800 ppm. All larvae of the confused flour beetle (Tribolium confusum) and Angoumois grain moth (Sitotroga cerealella) died when fed transgenic avidin rice powder or kernels, respectively, whereas most of the test insects developed into adults when they were fed a nontransgenic rice control diet. Avidin extracted from the transgenic rice kernel lost most biotin-binding activity after 5 min heating at 95 degrees C.

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