Changes in chlorophyll and carotenoid contents in radish (Raphanus sativus) cotyledons show different time courses during senescence

Suzuki, Y.; Shioi Yuzo

Physiologia Plantarum 122(2): 291-296

2004


ISSN/ISBN: 0031-9317
DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2004.00401.x
Accession: 004067259

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Abstract
Changes of chlorophylls and carotenoids from green to yellow cotyledons of the radish (Raphanus sativus) were simultaneously and systematically analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with photodiode array detection. Twenty-one components, seven chlorophylls and 14 carotenoids, were detectable. Seven chlorophylls and five carotenoids were identified from the results of HPLC analyses. Most chlorophyll species degraded during senescence, whereas carotenoids showed different behaviour in their metabolism depending on pigment species. For instance, during senescence, the contents of lutein and violaxanthin changed only slightly, beta -carotene in 5-day-senescent cotyledons became 2.7 times higher than non-senescent leaves. Carotenoids of radish cotyledons were classified into three groups by their changes in concentration during senescence (increased, degraded and constant) and their roles discussed.

Changes in chlorophyll and carotenoid contents in radish (Raphanus sativus) cotyledons show different time courses during senescence