Section 5
Chapter 4,080

Comparative effect of low levels of dietary cobalt and parenteral injection of vitamin B (12) on carcass and meat quality characteristics in Omani goats

Kadim, I.T.; Mahgoub, O.; Srikandakumar, A.; Al-Ajmi, D.S.; Al-Maqbaly, R.S.; Al-Saqri, N.M.; Johnson, E.H.

Meat Science 66(4): 837-844


ISSN/ISBN: 0309-1740
PMID: 22061016
DOI: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2003.08.003
Accession: 004079814

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The effect of low levels of dietary cobalt (Co) on carcass and meat quality characteristics were investigated in 36 male goats of three different Omani breeds namely Batina, Dhofari and Jabal Akdhar. Goats were randomly divided into two groups at 10 weeks of age, control (18 animals) and treated (18 animals). Goats from both groups were fed Rhodesgrass hay and a commercially prepared diet containing 0.10 and 0.12 mg Co/kg DM, respectively from 10 to 46 weeks of age. Animals in the treated group were supplemented with subcutaneous injections of 2000 μg of hydroxocobalamin (vitamin B(12)) on week 10 and thereafter for 46 weeks at 8-week intervals. At 46 weeks of age, the animals were slaughtered and their carcass and meat quality characteristics compared. Serum vitamin B(12) levels were significantly higher in goats from the treated group from week 16 till the end of the experiment. The final live and carcass weights were significantly higher (P<0.05) for the treated Batina group by 13.4 and 8.3% compared with the control group, respectively. Shoulder, rack, loin and leg cut weights were also significantly higher (P<0.05) for the Batina treated group compared with the control group by 14.7, 16.8, 12.8 and 13.1%, respectively. Carcass length, leg length, width behind shoulder, maximum shoulder width and longissimus muscle area were significantly higher (P<0.05) for the Batina treated breed than for the control group by 6.7, 5.8, 10.1, 10.1 and 28.5%, respectively. Four muscles (Mm. longissimus dorsi, biceps femoris, semimembranosus, and semitendinosus) from treated and control groups were evaluated for ultimate pH, expressed juice, cooking loss%, colour (L*, a* and b*), and Warner-Bratzler shear force values. There were significant treatment effects on these muscle quality characteristics for the Batina breed only. Muscles from the treated group showed significantly lower (P<0.05) shear force values of between 15 and 27% than those from the control group. Moreover, the treated Batina goats tended to have significantly lower (P<0.05) ultimate pH, expressed juice, L* and higher a* values than those from the control group for longissimus dorsi and biceps femoris muscles only.

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