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Comparison of apple production costs between conventional, integrated and organic farming



Comparison of apple production costs between conventional, integrated and organic farming



Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research 12(Special issue): 63-68



The work data are based on three sources of apple production: 18 organic and 88 conventional farms in Germany and 10 farms in Poland based on either conventional or integrated technology. The organic production turned out to be not considerably cheaper than that for conventional orchards. The costs of biological protection against pests in organic apple farms were comparable with the application of pesticides in conventional production.

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Accession: 004081713

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