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Complexity of phenotypes and symbiotic behaviour of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii exopolysaccharide mutants

Complexity of phenotypes and symbiotic behaviour of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii exopolysaccharide mutants

Archives of Microbiology 182(4): 331-336

Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii strain TA1 polysaccharide synthesis (pss) mutants in the pssD, pssP, pssT and pssO genes and altered in exopolysaccharide (EPS) synthesis were investigated. EPS-deficient mutants were also changed in lipopolysaccharide structure. All mutants exhibited varied sensitivities to detergents, ethanol and antibiotics, thus indicating changes in bacterial membrane integrity. Using pss mutants marked with the gusA gene, EPS-deficient mutants were found to have abnormalities in nodule development and to provoke severe plant defence reactions. The pss mutants that produced altered quantities of EPS with a changed degree of polymerisation generally occupied the younger developmental zones of the nodules and elicited moderate plant defence reactions.

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Accession: 004084463

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PMID: 15349716

DOI: 10.1007/s00203-004-0723-z

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