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Composition and synthesis of raphide crystals and druse crystals in berries of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon: ascorbic acid as precursor for both oxalic and tartaric acids as revealed by radiolabelling studies



Composition and synthesis of raphide crystals and druse crystals in berries of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon: ascorbic acid as precursor for both oxalic and tartaric acids as revealed by radiolabelling studies



Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 10(2): 134-142



Biomineralization in the fleshy pericarp of berries of V. vinifera gives rise to crystals of two distinct forms, i.e. raphides and druses, which are found in exocarp and endocarp cells, respectively. Druses have generally been considered as crystalline aggregates of calcium oxalate. However, the organic moiety of raphide crystals has been commonly accepted as tartrate, although we have found no analytical data to support that assumption.

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Accession: 004084655

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DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-0238.2004.tb00016.x


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