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Cross-stress tolerance and expression of stress-related proteins in osmotically desiccated entomopathogenic Steinernema feltiae IS-6



Cross-stress tolerance and expression of stress-related proteins in osmotically desiccated entomopathogenic Steinernema feltiae IS-6



Parasitology 131(Pt 5): 695-703



Infective juveniles (IJs) of the entomopathogenic nematode (EPN) Steinernema feltiae IS-6 can survive exposure to 24% glycerol solution by entering an osmotically desiccated state. Exposure of osmotically desiccated nematodes to extreme temperature assays (40 degrees C for 10 h and -20 degrees C for 360 h) resulted in gradual reduction in survival, whereas non-desiccated IJs died within a short exposure to the assay conditions. Through SDS-PAGE, a stress-related protein UNC-87 was found in osmotically desiccated IJs exposed to 40 degrees C for 3, 6, and 8 h, whose survival rates were 98.9+/-1.43, 78.5+/-5.87 and 20.9+/-4.93%, respectively. The protein was not found in IJs following exposure of osmotically desiccated individuals to 40 degrees C for 10 h, in which none of the IJs survived. After exposure to -20 degrees C for 360 h, the survival of osmotically desiccated EPNs with a weak band of UNC-87 was 13.0+/-3.32%. To identify other responsive proteins that are required for osmotic stress, we used 2-dimensional electrophoresis to analyse the proteins in osmotically desiccated EPNs. The results revealed that 10 novel protein spots and 10 up-regulated protein spots in osmotically desiccated IJs were detected by digital image analysis. Mass spectrometry analysis of 7 significant spots indicated that osmotic stress in desiccated IJs was associated with the induction of actin, Proteasome regulatory particle (ATPase-like), GroEL chaperonin, GroES co-chaperonin and transposase family member. It seems to show actin, UNC-87 and Proteasome regulatory particle may play distinct roles in specific aspects of organization of macromolecular structures under desiccation stress. GroEL and GroES are members of the Hsp60 family of chaperons.

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Accession: 004091767

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16255828

DOI: 10.1017/s0031182005008280


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