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Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of post-fusion six-helix bundle core structure from Newcastle disease virus F protein


Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of post-fusion six-helix bundle core structure from Newcastle disease virus F protein



Acta Crystallographica. Section D Biological Crystallography 59(Pt 7): 1296-1298



ISSN/ISBN: 0907-4449

PMID: 12832792

DOI: 10.1107/s0907444903009909

Fusion of virus members from the Paramyxoviridae family involves two glycoproteins. They are termed attachment glycoprotein (HN, H or G) and fusion protein (F). The F protein contains two highly conserved heptad-repeat (HR) regions, HR1 and HR2. Through conformational changes in the F protein, HR1 and HR2 are believed to form a stable six-helix coiled-coil bundle during the membrane-fusion process. However, no crystal structure has yet been documented for this state in the Newcastle disease virus (NDV, a member of the Paramyxoviridae family) F protein, despite the recent success on its F(0) crystal structure (Chen et al., 2001), which was thought to represent the pre-fusion conformation of F glycoprotein. In this study, a single-chain polypeptide constructed by linking two truncated HR regions of the NDV F protein has been expressed, purified and crystallized by means of the hanging- or sitting-drop vapour-diffusion method. Crystals in hexagonal and trapezoid forms with a resolution limit of 2.6 A were obtained. These crystals belonged to space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a = 66.4, b = 38.2, c = 102.0 A, beta = 100.2 degrees. Crystals in the rhombic form with a resolution limit of 2.5 A were also obtained. These crystals belonged to space group P2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 59.0, b = 31.9, c = 62.3 A, beta = 117.0 degrees. This will add to the repertoire of viral fusion protein post-fusion state structures and help further the understanding of the molecular mechanism of enveloped virus fusion.

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