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Degenerative joint disease in dogs. Part I. Structure and function of the joint



Degenerative joint disease in dogs. Part I. Structure and function of the joint



Zycie Weterynaryjne 80(3): 157-161



Osteoarthritis is a degenerative process leading to progressive damage of the articular cartilage and capsula and secondary disintegration of articular surface of bones. The degenerative process takes place in the articular cartilage, consisting of chondrocytes and extracellular matrix. The extracellular matrix is formed by a structure of collagen fibrils embedded in a proteoglycan matrix. The chondrocytes are responsible for the balance of matrix, synthesized by them.

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