Effects of a medium-chain triacylglycerol/long-chain triacylglycerol fat emulsion containing a reduced ratio of phospholipid to triacylglycerol in pediatric surgical patients

Lai, H.-S.; Lin, W.-H.; Wu, H.-C.; Chang, K.-J.; Chen, W.-J.

Nutrition 21(7-8): 825-830


ISSN/ISBN: 0899-9007
PMID: 15975490
DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2004.11.017
Accession: 004131021

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Medium-chain triacylglycerol (MCT) has been shown to provide better nutritional support than long-chain triacylglycerol (LCT). We compared the efficacy of MCT/LCT fat emulsions containing a usual (0.12) or a decreased (0.06) ratio of phospholipid to triacylglycerol (PL:TG) in pediatric patients under surgical stress. Three patient groups (n=10 in each) received equivalent amounts of glucose (12 g.kg(-1).d(-1)) and amino acids (2 g.kg(-1).d(-1)), but group A received a 10% MCT fat emulsion (PL:TG 0.06), group B received a 20% MCT fat emulsion (PL:TG 0.06), and group C received a 10% MCT/LCT fat emulsion (PL:TG 0.12) in amounts of 1.5 g.kg(-1).d(-1) in a randomized study. Total parenteral nutrition was given for 7 d. Blood samples were collected before total parenteral nutrition administration and on days 4 and 7 for determination of various biochemical indexes. Serum phospholipid concentrations were significantly higher in group C than in group A or B on days 4 and 7 (P<0.05). Serum triacylglycerol and cholesterol concentrations and the very-low-density lipoprotein percentage were also significantly higher in group C than in group A or B on days 4 and 7 (P<0.05). The high-density lipoprotein percentage was significantly higher in group B on days 4 and 7 (P<0.05). In pediatric patients under surgical stress, a total parenteral nutrition regimen containing an MCT/LCT fat emulsion with a decreased PL:TG ratio (0.06) is likely to result in partly better lipid and lipoprotein metabolism than an emulsion containing the usual ratio (0.12).