+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Effects of dietary supplementation with copper sulfate or tribasic copper chloride on broiler performance, relative copper bioavailability, and oxidation stability of vitamin E in feed



Effects of dietary supplementation with copper sulfate or tribasic copper chloride on broiler performance, relative copper bioavailability, and oxidation stability of vitamin E in feed



Poultry Science 84(6): 888-893



An experiment was conducted using a total of 420, 1-d-old, Arbor Acres commercial male chicks to compare copper sulfate and tribasic copper chloride (TBCC) as sources of supplemental copper for broilers. Chicks were randomly allotted to 1 of 7 treatments for 6 replicates of 10 birds each and were fed a basal corn-soybean meal diet (11.45 mg/kg copper) supplemented with 0, 150, 300, or 450 mg/kg copper from copper sulfate or TBCC for 21 d. Chicks fed 450 mg/kg copper as copper sulfate had lower (P < 0.01) average daily feed intake and average daily gain than those consuming other diets. Feeding supplemental copper increased linearly (P < 0.0001) liver copper concentrations regardless of copper source. The slopes of regressions of log10 liver copper on different independent variables used in regressions differ (P < 0.05) between the 2 copper sources. Linear regression over nonzero dietary levels of log10 transformed liver copper concentration on added copper intake resulted in a slope ratio estimate of 109.0 +/- 3.4% (with a 95% confidence interval from 102.2 to 115.8) for bioavailability of copper from TBCC compared with 100 for that in copper sulfate. When the feeds were stored at room temperature for 10 or 21 d, the vitamin E content in the feed fortified with 300 mg/kg copper as TBCC was higher (P < 0.01) than that in the feed added with 300 mg/kg copper as CuSO4. The vitamin E contents in liver and plasma of broilers given TBCC were also higher (P < 0.01) than those of birds fed copper sulfate. The results from this study indicate that TBCC is a safer product and more available to broilers than copper sulfate, and it is chemically less active than copper sulfate in promoting the oxidation of vitamin E in feed.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 004132893

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15971525

DOI: 10.1093/ps/84.6.888


Related references

The effect of dietary supplementation with copper sulfate or tribasic copper chloride on broiler performance, relative copper bioavailability, and dietary prooxidant activity. Poultry Science 77(3): 416-425, 1998

Determination of relative bioavailability of copper in tribasic copper chloride to copper in copper sulfate for broiler chickens based on liver and feather copper concentrations. Animal Feed Science and Technology 210: 138-143, 2015

Effect of dietary supplementation with copper sulfate or tribasic copper chloride on the growth performance, liver copper concentrations of broilers fed in floor pens, and stabilities of vitamin E and phytase in feeds. Biological Trace Element Research 138(1-3): 181-189, 2010

Relative bioavailability of copper in tribasic copper chloride to copper in copper sulfate for laying hens based on egg yolk and feather copper concentrations. Poultry Science 95(7): 1591-1597, 2016

Bioavailability of copper from tribasic copper chloride and copper sulfate in growing cattle. Animal Feed Science and Technology 116(1/2): 1-13, 2004

Bioavailability of copper from tribasic copper chloride, copper amino acid chelate or copper proteinate for broilers. Acta Zoonutrimenta Sinica 13(1): 54-58, 2001

A comparison of copper methionine, tribasic copper chloride and copper sulfate as copper sources for swine. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 5(8): 623-628, 2006

Effects of tribasic copper chloride versus copper sulfate provided in corn-and molasses-based supplements on forage intake and copper status of beef heifers. Journal of Animal Science 85(3): 871-876, 2007

Effects of tribasic copper chloride versus copper sulfate provided in corn- and molasses-based supplements on forage intake and copper status of beef heifers. Journal of Animal Science 85(3): 871-876, 2000

Effects of various levels of dietary copper supplementation with copper sulfate and copper hydroxychloride on Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei performance and microbial communities. Aquaculture 476: 94-105, 2017

Layer performance and phytase retention as influenced by copper sulfate pentahydrate and tribasic copper chloride. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 14(3): 499-505, 2005

The influence of high dietary copper supplementation from two feed-grade inorganic sources on broiler performance tissue copper accumulation and dietary prooxidant activity. Poultry Science 73(Suppl. 1): 114, 1994

Tribasic copper chloride and copper sulfate as copper sources for weanling pigs. Journal of Animal Science 76(1): 118-123, 1998

The differences between copper sulfate and tribasic copper chloride on growth performance, redox status, deposition in tissues of pigs, and excretion in feces. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 31(6): 873-880, 2018

Comparative evaluation of copper sulfate and tribasic copper chloride on growth performance and tissue response in Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei fed practical diets. Aquaculture 434: 411-417, 2014