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Efficacy of insecticide, plant extract and their synergistic activity against the filarial vector, Culex quinquefasciatus



Efficacy of insecticide, plant extract and their synergistic activity against the filarial vector, Culex quinquefasciatus



Journal of Ecotoxicology and Environmental Monitoring 14(2): 123-129



Individual and synergistic larvicidal activity of aqueous crude leaf extract of Anisomeles malabarica (Lamiaceae) and insecticide Rocket 44% EC were carried out on the fourth instar larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus LC50 values of the synergistic mixtures of the aqeous leaf extract of A. malabarica (280 ppm) with different concentrations of Rocket 44% EC 0.00000011 to (0.0000002 ppm) with different concentrations of A. malabarica (210 to 300 ppm) against the fourth instar larvae of C. quinquefasciatus was 280.00000014 and 259.92 ppm, respectively. Developmental abnormalities, such as larval-pupal intermediates, pupal-adult intermediates and entangling of adult in the exuviae were observed in the higher concentrations of the test solutions. The larval pupal durations were prolonged for two and one day at higher concentration, respectively. The SF value for two and one day at higher concentration, respectively. The SF value for the aqueous leaf extract of A. malabarica (280 ppm) with different concentration of Rocket 44% EC and Rocket 44% EC (0.0000002 ppm) with different concentrations of A. malabarica was 2.009 and 2.164, respectively, indication of the synergism of the test solutions. The study suggested that synergistic mixtures were more effective to control the mosquito larvae.

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Accession: 004140140

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