+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Honeydew production and honeydew sugar composition of polyphagous black bean aphid, Aphis fabae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on various host plants and implications for ant-attendance



Honeydew production and honeydew sugar composition of polyphagous black bean aphid, Aphis fabae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on various host plants and implications for ant-attendance



European Journal of Entomology 102(2): 155-160



The black bean aphid, Aphis fabae, is polyphagous and its life cycle involves seasonal migration between summer and winter host plants. The aphids are regularly tended by honeydew-collecting ants. This study investigates whether differences exist in honeydew production and honeydew, sugar composition for A. fabae subspecies feeding on various host plants and whether such differences reflect differences in the intensity of ant-attendance (Lasius niger).A. f fabae feeding on the perennial summer host, Tanacetum vulgare, produced twice the amount of honeydew (ca. 110 [mu]g per aphid h-1) than when feeding on the annual host plants Vicia faba or Chenopodium album. Honeydew production of A. f. cirsiiacanthoides feeding on the creeping thistle Cirsium arvense was the highest measured in this study (ca. 150 [mu]g per aphid, V). Total sugar concentration in the honeydew of A. f. fabae did not differ A hen feeding on various summer hosts, whereas the honeydew of A. f. cirsiiacanthoides on C. arvense contained a significantly higher amount of total sugars. The trisaccharide melezitose was the dominant sugar in all the honeydew samples, except for the honeydew of A. f fabae and A. f. evonymi feeding on the woody winter host plant Evonymus europaeus. The highest proportion of melezitose (80% of total sugars) was found in the honeydew of A. f. cirsiiacanthoides feeding on C. arvense. In this subspecies, the intensity of ant-attendance was also highest. The results confirm our hypothesis, that the sugar richness of the honeydew (rate of honeydew secretion x total sugar concentration) along with the presence of the attractant sugar melezitose are the critical factors in determining the extent of ant-attendance. In A. f. fabae feeding on the spindle tree E. europaeus, the total Sugar concentration of the honeydew as well as the sugar composition differed significantly between generations.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 004186906

Download citation: RISBibTeXText


Related references

The influence of black bean aphid, Aphis fabae Scop., and its honeydew on the photosynthesis of sugar beet. Annals of Applied Biology 122(2): 189-200, 1993

Age-specific patterns in honeydew production and honeydew composition in the aphid Metopeurum fuscoviride: implications for ant-attendance. Journal of Insect Physiology 48(3): 319-326, 2002

Susceptibility of Five Sugar Beet Cultivars to the Black Bean Aphid, Aphis fabae Scopoli (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Neotropical Entomology 45(4): 427-432, 2016

Population density and host plants of the black bean aphid Aphis fabae Scopoli (Homoptera: Aphididae) in central Iraq. Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture 20(3): 329-345, 1988

The effect of host plants on genotype variability in fitness and honeydew composition of Aphis fabae. Insect Science 24(5): 781-788, 2017

Ant-aphid mutualisms: the impact of honeydew production and honeydew sugar composition on ant preferences. Oecologia 118(4): 483-491, 1999

Ant-Aphid Mutualisms: The Impact of Honeydew Production and Honeydew Sugar Composition on Ant Preferences. Oecologia 118(4): 483-491, 1999

Ant-aphid mutualisms: The impact of honeydew production and honeydew sugar composition on ant preferences. Oecologia (Berlin) 118(4): 483-491, 1999

A study on common bean cultivars to identify sources of resistance against the black bean aphid, Aphis fabae Scopoli Hemiptera Aphididae. Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection 46(13): 1598-1608, 2013

Structure of the Black Bean Aphid Aphis fabae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Complex, Inferred from Dna Barcoding. African Entomology 23(2): 321-328, 2015

Cold hardiness of laboratory maintained and seasonally collected populations of the black bean aphid aphis fabae hemiptera aphididae. Bulletin of Entomological Research 76(3): 367-374, 1986

Phenotypic plasticity in host choice behavior in black bean aphid, Aphis fabae (Homoptera: Aphididae). Arthropod-Plant Interactions 1(3): 187-194, 2007

Cold hardiness of laboratory-maintained and seasonally-collected populations of the black bean aphid, Aphis fabae Scopoli (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 763: 367-374, 1986

Parasitization of black bean aphid populations Aphis fabae Scop. (Aphididae: Homoptera) on their winter host plant. Arab Journal of Plant Protection 13(1): 5-9, 1995

Blackmargined Aphid Monellia caryella Fitch; Hemiptera Aphididae Honeydew Production in Pecan and Implications for Managing the Pecan Aphid Complex in Texas. Southwestern Entomologist 38(1): 19-32, 2013