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International trade in fruits and vegetables: barriers to trade, WTO proposals for reform and modelling alternative outcomes



International trade in fruits and vegetables: barriers to trade, WTO proposals for reform and modelling alternative outcomes



Acta Horticulturae (655): 429-438



Many governments provide support to horticultural production, including measures that limit competition from imports or that encourage exports. Not until the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations did the GATT seriously attempt to establish rules related to barriers to trade in horticultural and agricultural products. Tariffs levied on fresh fruits currently average 58%, somewhat less the average 68% tariff on fresh vegetables.

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