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Maternal transfer of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls in frogs to their eggs


Maternal transfer of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls in frogs to their eggs



Chemosphere 57(5): 383-389



ISSN/ISBN: 0045-6535

PMID: 15331265

DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.06.014

Previous study confirmed that there were sexual differences in concentrations of organochlorine pesticides and dioxins in frogs during the breeding season. The present study utilized the egg masses from the previous study to determine the cause(s) of the sexual differences. When concentrations of the detected chemicals were compared between the female frogs and their eggs, it was found that the concentrations in the eggs were several times those in their mothers. The results indicated that maternal transfer reduced tissue concentrations in females. Since the weight of each egg mass was half that of the mother, two-thirds of the chemicals in a female frog were transferred to its eggs. In addition, the degree of maternal transfer differed among compounds. Maternal transfer of PCDDs and PCDFs with four or five chlorine atoms and coplanar PCBs followed the fugacity model. However, maternal transfer decreased for PCDDs/DFs with six or more chlorines as the octanol-water partition coefficient increased. From these results, maternal transfer was confirmed as the cause of sexual differences in concentrations of organochlorine pesticides and dioxins in adult frogs during the breeding season.

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Accession: 004229343

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