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Protective activities of stilbene glycosides from Acer mono leaves against H2O2-induced oxidative damage in primary cultured rat hepatocytes



Protective activities of stilbene glycosides from Acer mono leaves against H2O2-induced oxidative damage in primary cultured rat hepatocytes



Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53(10): 4182-4186



In our previous study, we isolated two new hepatoprotective stilbene glycosides, 5-O-methyl-(E)-resveratrol 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (MRA) and 5-O-methyl-(E)-resveratrol 3-O-beta-D-apiofuranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (MRAG), from the methanolic extract of Acer mono leaves. Thereby, we have attempted to elucidate the hepatoprotective mechanism of these compounds, focusing on antioxidative effects, using hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-injured primary cultures of rat hepatocytes. Both MRA and MRAG showed potent hepatoprotective activities in pretreatment but showed little effects in posttreatment. In addition, they increased the glutathione (GSH) level in the normal control cultures and significantly prevented the depletion of GSH in H2O2-injured primary cultured rat hepatocytes. Moreover, these compounds significantly restored the level of GSH depleted by buthionine sulfoximine or diethylmaleate in the presence or absence of H2O2. Furthermore, these compounds preserved the activities of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, glutathione reductase, and glutathione peroxidase reduced by H2O2 insults. Meanwhile, MRA and MRAG showed moderate scavenging effects with IC50 values of 103.6 and 80.5 microM, respectively, as determined by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl free radical scavenging activity. Taken together, these results suggest that MRG and MRAG exert significant hepatoprotective activities against H2O2-induced hepatotoxicity by maintaining the antioxidative defense system rather than scavenging free radicals.

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Accession: 004286469

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PMID: 15884857

DOI: 10.1021/jf050093+


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