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Response of scab-susceptible (McIntosh) and scab-resistant (Liberty) apple tissues to treatment with yeast extract and Venturia inaequalis



Response of scab-susceptible (McIntosh) and scab-resistant (Liberty) apple tissues to treatment with yeast extract and Venturia inaequalis



Phytochemistry 64(2): 485-492



Yeast extract and Venturia inaequalis treated intact scab-susceptible (McIntosh) and scab-resistant (Liberty) apple plants and their organs were analyzed for phenolic metabolites. The major phenolic compounds found in both non-treated and treated leaves were phloridzin and phloretin which accumulated in mM concentrations. Untreated and treated stems and roots contained only phloridzin as the major detectable metabolite during the course of the investigation. The accumulation of phloridzin and phloretin was not developmentally regulated, since they were present in both young and old leaves, and also in the intercellular washings of both scab-susceptible and scab-resistant plants. The major metabolites of both McIntosh and Liberty fruits were cinnamyl glucose and p-coumarylquinic acid, which increased 20-fold in Liberty fruit upon yeast extract treatment. The same compounds increased only 2-fold in McIntosh fruits. Minor compounds in the fruits of both cultivars were p-coumaric acid, phloridzin and phloretin, the latter compound being present at the threshold of detection. Biphenyl and dibenzofuran compounds, the major metabolites of elicitor treated Liberty cell suspension cultures, could not be detected in the intact plants. These results indicate differential response of plant organs and cell suspension cultures to elicitor treatment or pathogen invasion.

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Accession: 004303206

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 12943766

DOI: 10.1016/s0031-9422(03)00150-x


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