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Symptom expression in conifers infected with Armillaria ostoyae and Heterobasidion annosum


Symptom expression in conifers infected with Armillaria ostoyae and Heterobasidion annosum



Canadian journal of forest research 34(6): 1210-1219



ISSN/ISBN: 0045-5067

DOI: 10.1139/x04-007

Crown symptoms and other aboveground variables were examined on 36 Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco.) (40-209 years old), 46 white fir (Abies concolor (Gord. & Glend.) Lindl.) (36-165 years old), and 97 ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws.) (64-220 years old) trees in northern New Mexico and southern Colorado. Root systems of all trees were excavated to determine extent of root disease. Symptoms observed on infected trees, including reductions in height growth, changes in foliage characteristics, and crown dieback, worsened as the number of infected roots increased. Trees with aboveground symptoms had a significantly higher (p < 0.05) number of infected lateral roots than trees without symptoms. In mixed conifer stands on the Archuleta Mesa, Colo., four qualitative crown symptoms were used to accurately detect Armillaria ostoyae (Romagn.) Herink and (or) Heterobasidion annosum (Fr.) Bref. infection of Douglas-fir (21/22, or 95%) and white fir (19/28, or 68%). Similarly, 61% (48/79) of the A. ostoyae infected ponderosa pine trees on the Jemez site, N.M., were detected using the qualitative Thomson vigor rating system. Discriminate analysis, using more thorough variables and analysis, resulted in correct infection classifications of 82%, 85%, and 78% for Douglas-fir, white fir, and ponderosa pine, respectively, suggesting that aboveground variables are reasonable indicators of root disease.

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Accession: 004338917

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