The emerging significance of coccidiosis in goats in arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL) of Kenya

Shivairo, R.S.

Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa 51(1): 62-63

2003


Accession: 004352776

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Abstract
A cross-sectional survey was conducted in selected goat herds in 26 districts of 5 provinces of Kenya (Western, Nyanza, Rift Valley, Eastern and Coast) which represents the major goat-keeping regions of the country. The objective of this study was to establish the geographical distribution of coccidiosis in all the major agro-climatic zones. Faecal samples were obtained from adult goats in each herd. Using the standard McMaster method, the oocysts per gram (opg) and strongyle eggs per gram (epg) were estimated. The mean opg was >500 in 4 provinces except in Nyanza with 1050 opg. The prevalence rates were >50% in the 4 provinces except in Nyanza with 46%. The epg in 4 provinces were >600 while Coast had 269 epg. The study shows the presence of several species of Eimeria sp. in goats, including some of those known to cause severe disease in native animals. It is, therefore, necessary for further research to be carried out to document the actual economic importance of coccidiosis in Kenya, and an appropriate control programme should be devised.