The response of hydrophytes to environmental pollution with heavy metals

Maleva, M.G.; Nekrasova, G.F.; Bezel', V.S.

Russian Journal of Ecology 35(4): 230-235


ISSN/ISBN: 1067-4136
DOI: 10.1023/b:ruse.0000033791.94837.9e
Accession: 004361835

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The effects of Cu2+, Cd2+, and Ni2+ at low and high concentrations (0.025 and 0.25 mg/ml) on the accumulation capacity, the state of the pigment complex, and photosynthesis rate have been studied in model experiments with three floating hydrophytes (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae, Lemna gibba and Potamogeton natans) and four submerged hydrophytes (Elodea canadensis, Lemna trisulca, Ceratophyllum demersum and Potamogeton lucens). Copper and cadmium are especially toxic at the concentrations studied. The effect of Cu2+ was the strongest in hydatophytes, and the effect of Cd2+, in pleustophytes. It is hypothesized that the differences between hydrophytes with respect to accumulation of metals and decrease in photosynthesis rate may cause predominant elimination of submerged species. Therefore, changes in the species structure of hydrophyte communities may be expected in waters polluted with metals.