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Tolerance and antibiosis resistance to cabbage root fly in vegetable Brassica species

Felkl, G.J.nsen, E.; Kristiansen, K.A.dersen, S.

Entomologia experimentalis et applicata 116(1): 65-71

2005


ISSN/ISBN: 0013-8703
DOI: 10.1111/j.1570-7458.2005.00312.x
Accession: 004368352

Four accessions of the wild species Brassica fruticulosa Cyrillo (Brassicaceae) were studied in order to identify its tolerance and antibiosis resistance to the cabbage root fly, Delia radicum L. (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), in comparison to a widely cultivated cauliflower cultivar and a rapid cycling Brassica oleracea L. line. Antibiosis was prominent, as the insects reared on resistant accessions showed reduced individual pupal weight, total pupal weight, adult dry weight, and the longest average fly eclosion time. Host plant resistance, however, did not affect the sex ratio of adult flies. A study of the root architecture of plants with and without root fly inoculation revealed differences in the structure within B. oleracea accessions. A long main root and a high number of lateral roots appeared to be important characteristics for a Brassica type, with a higher tolerance level to cabbage root fly attack.

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