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A modified cDNA subtraction to identify differentially expressed genes from plants with universal application to other eukaryotes

Mishra, R.N.; Ramesha, A.; Kaul, T.; Nair, S.; Sopory, S.K.; Reddy, M.K.

Analytical Biochemistry 345(1): 149-157

2005


ISSN/ISBN: 0003-2697
PMID: 16137632
DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2005.07.029
Accession: 004391934

We have designed a simple and efficient polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based cDNA subtraction protocol for high-throughput cloning of differentially expressed genes from plants that can be applied to any experimental system and as an alternative to DNA chip technology. Sequence-independent PCR-amplifiable first-strand cDNA population was synthesized by priming oligo-dT primer with a defined 5' heel sequence and ligating another specified single-stranded oligonucleotide primer on the 3' ends of first-strand cDNAs by T4 RNA ligase. A biotin label was introduced into the sense strands of cDNA that must be subtracted by using 5' biotinylated forward primer during PCR amplification to immobilize the sense strand onto the streptavidin-linked paramagnetic beads. The unamplified first strand (antisense) of the interrogating cDNA population was hybridized with a large excess of amplified sense strands of control cDNA. We used magnetic bead technology for the efficient removal of common cDNA population after hybridization to reduce the complexity of the cDNA prior to PCR amplification for the enrichment and sequence abundance normalization of differentially expressed genes. Construction of a subtracted and normalized cDNA library efficiently eliminates common abundant cDNA messages and also increases the probability of identifying clones differentially expressed in low-abundance cDNA messages. We used this method to successfully isolate differentially expressed genes from Pennisetum seedlings in response to salinity stress. Sequence analysis of the selected clones showed homologies to genes that were reported previously and shown to be involved in plant stress adaptation.

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