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Discovery of bacterial fatty acid synthase inhibitors from a Phoma species as antimicrobial agents using a new antisense-based strategy


Discovery of bacterial fatty acid synthase inhibitors from a Phoma species as antimicrobial agents using a new antisense-based strategy



Journal of Natural Products 69(3): 377-380



ISSN/ISBN: 0163-3864

PMID: 16562839

DOI: 10.1021/np050416w

Fatty acids are essential for bacterial growth and viability, with the type II fatty acid synthesis (FAS II) pathway being a potential antibacterial target. A new, selective, and highly sensitive whole cell-based antisense strategy has been designed to screen for natural product inhibitors of FabH/F of the FAS II pathway using a high-throughput two-plate agar-based differential sensitivity assay (FabF(2)p). An antisense assay along with the FASII enzyme prepared from Staphylococcus aureus was used for bioactivity-guided fractionation, leading to the isolation of phomallenic acids A-C (1-3) from a leaf litter fungus identified as Phoma sp. Compounds 1-3 exhibited minimum detection concentrations (MDC) of 0.63, 0.31, and 0.15 microg/mL in the FabF(2P) assay, IC(50) values of 22, 3.4, and 0.77 microg/mL in the FASII enzyme assay, and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of 250, 7.8, and 3.9 microg/mL, respectively, against wild-type S. aureus. Phomallenic acid C (3), the analogue with the longest chain, exhibited the best overall activity within the phomallenic acids obtained and was superior to cerulenin and thiolactomycin, the two most studied and commonly used FabF inhibitors.

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Accession: 004416695

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