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Effect of heating conditions of grape seeds on the antioxidant activity of grape seed extracts






Food chemistry 97(3): 472-479

Effect of heating conditions of grape seeds on the antioxidant activity of grape seed extracts

This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of heating and physical conditions of grape seeds on the antioxidant activity of their extracts. Two forms of grape seeds, whole and powdered forms, were heated at four different temperatures -50, 100, 150 and 200 degrees C. After heating, grape seeds were extracted with 70% ethanol (0.1 g grape seed/10 mL of 70% ethanol), and total phenol contents (TPC), radical scavenging activity (RSA) and reducing power of the extracts were determined. Thermal treatment of grape seed increased the antioxidant activity of extracts. The maximum TPC and RSA of whole grape seed extract (WGSE) were achieved when the seeds were heat-treated at 150 degrees C for 40 min, while that of powdered grape seed extract (PGSE) were at 100 degrees C for 10 min, and were greater than that of the non-treated control. Also, the reducing powers of WGSE and PGSE slightly increased at the conditions. According to the GC-MS analysis, several low-molecular-weight phenolic compounds such as azelaic acid, 3,4-dihydroxy benzoic acid, and o-cinnamic acid were newly formed in the WGSE heated at 150 degrees C for 40 min. There were slight differences in the kinds of phenolic compounds between non-heated and heated GSE. In HPLC analysis, the contents of gallocatechin gallate and caffeine in GSE significantly increased by heat treatment. These results indicated that antioxidant activity of GSE was affected by heating conditions (temperature and time) and physical conditions of grape seeds at the time of heat treatments.

Accession: 004420449

DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.05.027

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