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Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on rice yield, yield attributing parameters, content and uptake of nutrients in Alfisols of Chhattisgarh


Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on rice yield, yield attributing parameters, content and uptake of nutrients in Alfisols of Chhattisgarh



Plant Archives 5(2): 645-648



A field experiment was conducted during the kharif season of 2000-01 on Alfisols in Raipur, Madhya Pradesh, India, involving 12 treatments: general recommended dose (GRD) of NPK, i.e. 80:60:40; 10 t farmyard manure (FYM)/ha; 10 t compost/ha blended with Azotobacter+phosphorus solubilizing bacteria (PSB); 50% FYM+50% of GRD; 50% of GRD as compost blended with Azotobacter+PSB; blue green algae (BGA) at 10 kg/ha+2/3 of GRD; Matka khad; Matka khad+1/3 of GRD; Amrit khad; Bhabhoot amrit pani; Amrit khad+1/3 of GRD; and Bhabhoot amrit pani+1/3 of GRD. In Matka khad treatment, cow dung and urine in 1:1 ratio was mixed with 1.6 gur in earthen pot, stirred well, covered with cloth and kept for 4-5 days. A dose of 5 t/ha in 2 equal splits was applied to the moist soil around the plant at evening time after diluting it with 300-500 l of water. In Bhabhoot amrit pani, cow dung and urine in 2:1 ratio was mixed with 0.05% ghee, 0.08% honey and 0.6% peeple soil in earthen pot, stirred well, covered with cloth and kept for 4-5 days. A dose of 5 t/ha in 2 equal splits was applied to the moist soil around the plant at evening time after diluting it with 300-500 l of water. In Amrit khad treatment, cow dung, urea, superphosphate, groundnut cake and muriate of potash was mixed in 28.57:1.43:1.43:1 ratio in a drum, stirred and covered for 2 days. A dose of 1 t/ha in 2 equal splits was applied to the moist soil around the plant at evening time after diluting it with 100-200 l of water. The different organic and inorganic sources of nutrients, alone and in combinations, significantly influenced the rice yield, yield attributing parameters, content and uptake of nutrients (N, P and K) by rice. Among the different organic sources, FYM recorded the highest yield. The highest grain and straw yields (47.80 and 54.14 q/ha, respectively) was obtained where BGA along with 66% of inorganic fertilizer was applied, which was similar to 100% of GRD. The 50-66% of GRD of NPK combined with organics and biofertilizers significantly increased the uptake of nutrients by rice. BGA along with 66% of GRD recorded 5-6% higher uptake than 100% of GRD. The application of some organics such as cow dung and urine preparation alone or in combination with inorganic fertilizers could account for a minimum of 66-80% rice yield compared to 100% of GRD of NPK, thus there was a saving of chemical fertilizer on one hand and sustaining the yield and fertility of the soil on the other.

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