Section 5
Chapter 4,439

Identification and expression analysis of lymphotoxin-beta like homologues in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss

Kono, T.; Zou, J.; Bird, S.; Savan, R.; Sakai, M.; Secombes, C.J.

Molecular Immunology 43(9): 1390-1401


ISSN/ISBN: 0161-5890
PMID: 16144708
DOI: 10.1016/j.molimm.2005.07.037
Accession: 004438952

Download citation:  

A lymphotoxin-beta (LT-beta) gene has been cloned and sequenced in rainbow trout and provides the first conclusive evidence for the existence of LT-beta in teleost. Two isoforms of LT-beta were isolated. LT-beta1 cDNA was composed of 952 bp (with a 139 bp 5'-UTR and a 201 bp 3'-UTR) and LT-beta2 cDNA was 836 bp (with a 237 bp 5'-UTR and a 197 bp 3'-UTR) both of which translated into a protein of 203 amino acid residues. Both isoforms contained a predicted transmembrane domain of 21 amino acid residues (Leu11-Val31) and the TNF family signature (Val104-Phe120). Homology and phylogenetic analysis of trout LT-beta's with other known TNF family member showed good similarity to TNF-N (teleost) and other LT-beta (mammals and frog). LT-beta1 and TNF-alpha (1 and 2) genes were highly expressed in unstimulated trout head kidney, spleen, gill and intestine, whereas LT-beta2 was weakly expressed only in the gill. The expression of LT-beta1 and -beta2 genes was not found in macrophage (RTS-11) and fibroblast (RTG-2) like cell lines, although the TNF-alpha2 gene was expressed in both cell lines with the TNF-alpha1 gene only expressed in RTS-11 cells. In head kidney cells, expression of LT-beta1 and TNF-alpha (1, 2) genes was increased by stimulation with PHA or LPS. The discovery of trout LT-beta will allow a more complete analysis of fish inflammatory responses.

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90