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Oxidative gating of water channels (aquaporins) in corn roots



Oxidative gating of water channels (aquaporins) in corn roots



Plant, Cell and Environment 29(4): 459-470



An oxidative gating of water channels (aquaporins: AQPs) was observed in roots of corn seedlings as already found for the green alga Chara corallina. In the presence of 35 m m hydrogen peroxide (H subscript 2O subscript 2) - a precursor of hydroxyl radicals (*OH) - half times of water flow (as measured with the aid of pressure probes) increased at the level of both entire roots and individual cortical cells by factors of three and nine, respectively. This indicated decreases in the hydrostatic hydraulic conductivity of roots (Lp[subscript hr]) and of cells (Lp[subscript h]) by the same factors. Unlike other stresses, the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) had no ameliorative effect either on root Lp[subscript hr] or on cell Lp[subscript h] when AQPs were inhibited by oxidative stress. Closure of AQPs reduced the permeability of acetone by factors of two in roots and 1.5 in cells. This indicated that AQPs were not ideally selective for water but allowed the passage of the organic solute acetone. In the presence of H subscript 2O subscript 2, channel closure caused anomalous (negative) osmosis at both the root and the cell level. This was interpreted by the fact that in the case of the rapidly permeating solute acetone, channel closure caused the solute to move faster than the water and the reflection coefficient ([sigma][subscript s]) reversed its sign. When H subscript 2O subscript 2 was removed from the medium, the effects were reversible, again at both the root and the cell level. The results provide evidence of oxidative gating of AQPs, which leads on to inhibition of water uptake by the roots. Possible mechanisms of the oxidative gating of AQPs induced by H subscript 2O subscript 2 (*OH) are discussed.

Accession: 004457617

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 17080599

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01423.x

Download PDF Full Text: Oxidative gating of water channels (aquaporins) in corn roots



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