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Possibilities for the biological control of the Christmas tree pests, the balsam gall midge, Paradiplosis tumifex Gagne (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) and the balsam twig aphid, Mindarus abietinus Koch (Homoptera: Mindaridae), using exotic enemies from Europe


Possibilities for the biological control of the Christmas tree pests, the balsam gall midge, Paradiplosis tumifex Gagne (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) and the balsam twig aphid, Mindarus abietinus Koch (Homoptera: Mindaridae), using exotic enemies from Europe



Biocontrol News and Information 10(2): 119-129



A description of the biology, dynamics and damage caused by Paradiplosis tumifex Gagne and Mindarus abietinus Koch in Christmas tree plantations in North America is reviewed from the literature. Information on the extent of natural control by native natural enemies is provided and the current methods of control are considered.

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Accession: 004461696

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Related references

Insect predators and augmentative biological control of balsam twig aphid (Mindarus abietinus Koch) (Homoptera: Aphididae) on Christmas tree plantations. Environmental Entomology 33(6): 1652-1661, 2004

Chemical control of balsam gall midge Paradiplosis tumifex Gagne (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Technical Bulletin, Maine Agricultural Experiment Station 129: 8, 1987

Chemical control of balsam twig aphid, Mindarus abietinus Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae). Technical Bulletin, Maine Agricultural Experiment Station 124: 12, 1986

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The life history foliage damage and control of the balsam twig aphid mindarus abietinus homoptera aphididae in fraser fir christmas tree plantations of western north carolina usa. Canadian Entomologist 114(2): 155-166, 1982

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Mindarus abietinus Koch, balsam twig aphid. Mason, P G , Reprint Author, Huber, J T 1981-2000: 185-190, 2002

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