Spermatophore cryopreservation and artificial insemination of black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon (Fabricius)
Bart, A.N.; Choosuk, S.; Thakur, D.P.
Aquaculture Research 37(5): 523-528
To develop an appropriate cryopreservation protocol for spermatophores of black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon, three cryoprotectants (dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO), methanol (MeOH) and ethylene glycol (EG)) at two concentrations (5% and 10%) were examined. Artificial implantation of spermatophores was also carried out to assess the fertilizing ability of fresh and post-thaw spermatophores. Spermatophores were collected during consecutive regenerations (15-day intervals) and assessed for qualitative and quantitative changes and also for fertilizing ability by implantation. The mean fertilization rate for artificial insemination using post-thaw spermatophore was 79.9[plus or minus]3.7%, lower than the fertilization rates observed for artificial implantation using fresh spermatophore and natural mating. Mean hatch rates for fresh spermatophore, frozen-thawed spermatophore and natural mating were 88.8[plus or minus]0.6%, 87.8[plus or minus]0.4% and 88.3[plus or minus]0.5%, respectively; and there was no difference among the three groups. The mean fertilization rate of spermatophores collected during the first stripping was higher (90.6[plus or minus]0.6) than during the second stripping (85.7[plus or minus]2.6), but the mean hatch rate was not different between the two strippings. The highest mean sperm viability (79.7[plus or minus]0.4%) was obtained from DMSO (5%), with no survival observed in the 10% MeOH treatment. Spermatophore weight, total sperm count and percentage of abnormal sperm were not different between spermatophores collected at the first and second stripping. This is the first study to report high fertilization and hatch rates from cryopreserved spermatophore using artificial implantation of spermatophore before spawning.