EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
53,869,633
Abstracts:
29,686,251
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

The importance of near-natural stand structures for the biocoenosis of lowland beech forests



The importance of near-natural stand structures for the biocoenosis of lowland beech forests



Forest Snow and Landscape Research 79(1-2): 127-144



A 'Research and Development Project' in Brandenburg (Germany) running from 1999 to 2003 aimed to define nature conservation standards for the management of lowland beech forests. The avifauna, saproxylic beetle fauna, ground beetles, saproxylic fungi, and the stand structures were investigated in twelve managed near-natural beech forests, and in six that had been unmanaged for 12 to more than 100 years near-natural beech forests to identify bioindicators for near-natural forest stands, which maintain the typical biocoenosis of beech forests. Some selected spotlight-like results are presented in this paper. The results show, for example, striking differences in stand structures between near-natural beech stands and managed forests, close dependence of bird species on silviculture influences and effects of forest developmental phases on ground beetles of beech forests. For instance, near-natural stands are much more structured, richer in dead wood (10-20 times of the volume of managed forests) and are characterised by a much higher abundance of breeding birds, especially wood-inhabiting and beech forest indicator species, as well as some saproxylic fungi species. Saproxylic and ground beetles are characteristic of deciduous forests. Some examples for bioindicators of natural or near-natural beech forests are: 1 High number of special tree structures (e.g. trees with severe crown damage, large cavities, clefts in the stem, scratches and bark bags with/without mould), which are typical attributes of ancient forests and a suitable structural indicator. 2 The Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius was identified as a valid indicator for mature beech forests with old trees. The occurrence of D. medius depends on two typical stand structures: a) rough bark structures (typical for old beech trees >200 years), and b) dead wood in parts of the stems or branches of standing trees. 3 Carabus glabratus is suggested as a bioindicator among the ground beetles. 4 Fungi species of the genus Pluteus are significantly more frequent in unmanaged forests. 5 The number of individuals of saproxylic beetle species which are not captured in the managed forests is three times higher than in >50 year-old unmanaged beech forests.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 004483203

Download citation: RISBibTeXText



Related references

Bark beetles and their natural enemies at lowland stands of beech forests and of spruce forests in central Europe. Zoologische Beitraege 37(2): 135-156, 1996 ( ), 1997

Natural regeneration of Beech in the Harz forests in relation to stand-management categories. Sozialistische Forstwirtschaft 27(5): 150-154, 1977

Impacts of Falcataria moluccana Invasion on Decomposition in Hawaiian Lowland Wet Forests: The Importance of Stand-level Controls. Ecosystems 9(6): 977-991, 2006

Structure analyses in the beech forests and mixed beech forests of the natural forest reserves of Lower Saxony. Strukturanalysen in der Buchenwaldern und Buchen Mischwaldern der niedersachsischen Naturwaldreservate: 240, 1987

Structure of a natural stand of a Carpathian beech forest in the Tatra mountains compared with natural beech stands from other parts of the Carpathians. Sylwan 150(9): 3-15, 2006

Stand-scale spatial patterns of soil microbial biomass in natural cold-temperate beech forests along an elevation gradient. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 41(7): 1466-1474, 2009

Substitution of damaged beech trees? Stand stability following replanting in degraded beech forests. Revista Padurilor 106(4): 181-185, 1991

Growth of a young beech stand in the beech forests of Armenia. Biologicheskii zhurnal Armenii 35(3): 231-233, 1982

Investigations on the influence of the form of a stand on the natural rejuvenation of pure beech forests (Fagetum montanum serbicum luzuletosum) in the Majdanpek Domaine. Radovi Sumarskog fakulteta i Instituta za sumarstvo u Sarajevuub 1977) 19(4): 5-31, 1974

Influence of site and stand conditions on diversity of soil and vegetation in selected beech and fir-beech forests in the Kocevje region. Zbornik Gozdarstva in Lesarstva (80): 3-30, 2006

Estimation of forestry stand parameters using laser scanning data in temperate, structurally rich natural European beech and Norway spruce forests. Forestry (oxford): 5, 645-661, 2008

Aspects regarding the silviculture of pure beech forests and mixed beech stands with various precious broadleaved species from France, managed in the high stand system. Revista Padurilor 114(2): 1-7, 1999

Stand structures and silvicultural treatments in the natural mixed forests of coniferous and deciduous trees. Research Reports of the Forestry Research Institute Seoul (42): 57-90, 1991

Silvicultural models to maintain and restore natural stand structures in Swedish boreal forests. Forest Ecology & Management 94(1-3): 89-103, 1997

Study on the regeneration dynamics of the natural forests in the Chichibu Mountains, central Japan. I. Amounts of fallen nuts and survival of seedlings of Japanese beech (Fagus japonica) in Japanese beech forests. Bulletin of the Tokyo University Forests ( 87): 129-157, 1992