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Variations in the digestible lysine requirement of broiler chickens due to sex, performance parameters, rearing environment, and processing yield characteristics



Variations in the digestible lysine requirement of broiler chickens due to sex, performance parameters, rearing environment, and processing yield characteristics



Poultry science 85(3): 498-504



Four experiments were conducted to evaluate variations in the digestible lysine (DLYS) requirement estimates of broilers due to rearing environment, sex, or growth performance during the starter period (7 to 21 d) and due to sex, growth, and carcass yield characteristics during the grower period (21 to 38 d). In the first 3 experiments, chicks were allocated to either battery or floor pens. The fourth experiment was conducted during the grower period with birds reared in floor pens only. All the studies used a lysine-deficient corn-soybean meal-corn gluten meal basal diet formulated to be isonitrogenous and isocaloric. Treatments consisted of 5 graded levels of DLYS varying from 0.70 to 1.21% in the first 3 experiments and from 0.73 to 1.13% in the fourth experiment. The DLYS requirement was estimated by broken-line methodology based on body weight gain (BWG) and gain:feed ratio (G:F) for the starter period, and the same variables plus breast meat yield for the grower period. During the starter period, the average DLYS requirement of males based on BWG was slightly higher than that of females reared in battery (0.96 vs. 0.94%) or floor pens (0.98 vs. 0.93%). However, based on G:F, the average DLYS requirement of females was slightly higher than that of males reared in both battery (0.99 vs. 0.96%) and floor pens (1.01 vs. 0.99). The DLYS requirement based on G:F was higher than that based on BWG only for females in both rearing environments. Rearing environment did not affect the DLYS requirement of broilers during the starter period. In the grower period, the DLYS requirement of males was higher than that of females based on BWG (0.97 vs. 0.93%), but for G:F it was similar for both sexes (0.96%). The DLYS requirement for females based on G:F was higher than that based on BWG. The DLYS requirement for maximum breast meat yield of males (0.98%) or females (0.90%) was similar to the estimate for maximal growth performance.

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Accession: 004490234

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16553282

DOI: 10.1093/ps/85.3.498


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