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Biology of Campoletis chlorideae (Uchida) (Hym., Ichneumonidae) developing in Bt-treated, Bt-resistant Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lep., Noctuidae) larvae



Biology of Campoletis chlorideae (Uchida) (Hym., Ichneumonidae) developing in Bt-treated, Bt-resistant Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lep., Noctuidae) larvae



Journal of Applied Entomology 130(5): 268-274



Life history parameters in two generations of endoparasitoid Campoletis chlorideae (Uchida) were examined using Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)-resistant Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) larvae feeding on B. thuringiensis toxin Cry1Ac. In the laboratory, Bt toxin was fed to Bt-resistant host larvae continuously in case of Bt treatment and only before or after the host larvae were parasitized in Bt-P and P-Bt treatments, respectively. C. chlorideae pupae developed faster in Bt treatment than non-Bt treatment. The shortened pupal stage duration was mainly because of the feeding of host larvae on Bt-diet before being parasitized. Body length of adult male C. chlorideae developed inside Bt-treated Bt-resistant (Bt-Bt) H. armigera larvae significantly decreased, especially in host larvae feeding on Bt-diet after being parasitized. However, survival, pupal mortality and adult longevity of C. chlorideae were almost unaffected in Bt-resistant H. armigera larvae feeding on Bt-toxin. Furthermore, Bt-treated host larvae had the same effect on the F subscript 1(B progeny of C. chlorideae as the previous generation, and there was no significant difference between generations. This experiment suggests that there is very limited effect on the life history parameters in two generations of C. chlorideae parasitizing Bt-Bt H. armigera larvae. But both generations of C. chlorideae are affected when Bt-resistant H. armigera larvae fed on Bt toxin for different durations.

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Accession: 004508051

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DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0418.2006.01052.x


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