Preparative isolation and purification of amygdalin from Prunus armeniaca L. with high recovery by high-speed countercurrent chromatography

Yan JiZhong; Tong ShengQiang; Li Jian; Lou, J.Z.

Journal of Liquid Chromatography and Related Technologies 29(9/12): 1271-1279


ISSN/ISBN: 1082-6076
DOI: 10.1080/10826070600598985
Accession: 004523200

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The bioactive component, amygdalin, was successfully separated from the crude extract of Prunus armeniaca L. using high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC) with high recovery. A polar two-phase solvent system, containing n-butanol-ethyl acetate-water (4:1:6, v/v/v) was run on a preparative scale. The lower phase was used as the mobile phase in the head to tail elution mode. A 208 mg quantity of the crude extract, containing 36.1% amygdalin, was loaded onto a 270 mL HSCCC column, which yielded 69 mg amygdalin of 98.7% purity with 90.7% recovery. The chemical structure of amygdalin was determined by electrospray ionization MS-MS and 1H NMR.