+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prevalence of epilepsy in a rural district of central Lao PDR

Prevalence of epilepsy in a rural district of central Lao PDR

Neuroepidemiology 26(4): 199-206

To assess the prevalence of epilepsy in a rural district of Lao PDR and to describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of the disease. Door-to-door screening was performed on the entire population of 8 randomly selected villages in the Hinheub district, using an internationally validated and standardized questionnaire. Additional passive case detection was performed through village key informants. Suspected epilepsy patients identified by the questionnaire were revisited and examined by an experienced neurologist on two follow-up visits. The confirmation of epilepsy was based only on an in-depth clinical examination. Electroencephalograms were performed at the district health care center. In the 8 villages, 277 suspected cases of epilepsy were identified among 4,310 interviewed subjects; 194 of whom (70%) underwent a clinical examination by a neurologist during the first visit while 65 of 83 remaining suspected cases were seen on the second confirmation visit. Twenty-seven persons with epilepsy were identified. Six additional patients were diagnosed in 219 self-referred subjects. An overall prevalence of 7.7 cases of epilepsy per thousand inhabitants was calculated (95% CI 5.3-10.7). Generalized epilepsy (21 cases, 63.6%) was commoner than partial epilepsy (9 cases, 27.3%). The remaining 3 cases (9.1%) were not-classifiable as either generalized or partial. EEG abnormal findings were found in 12 of the 24 patients (50.0%) who had an EEG registration. This is the first study in Lao PDR to estimate the prevalence of epilepsy. Compared to Western countries it shows a pattern towards a higher prevalence.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 004523292

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16569936

DOI: 10.1159/000092407

Related references

Prevalence and incidence of epilepsy in Ulanga, a rural Tanzanian district: a community-based study. Epilepsia 33(6): 1051-1056, 1992

Active convulsive epilepsy in a rural district of Kenya: a study of prevalence and possible risk factors. Lancet. Neurology 7(1): 50-56, 2007

The prevalence of epilepsy in a rural district of Vietnam: a population-based study from the EPIBAVI project. Epilepsia 49(9): 1634-1637, 2008

The Kongwa eye project Prevalence of glaucoma in a rural district in central Tanzania. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 38(4 PART 1-2): S1145, 1997

Burden of potentially preventable epilepsy: A community-based prevalence study in rural India (comprehensive rural epilepsy study south India, Cressi). 2007

Prevalence and Incidence of Epilepsy Associated with Convulsive Seizures in Rural Bolivia. A Global Campaign against Epilepsy Project. Plos One 10(10): E0139108, 2016

Contraception prevalence under rural poverty: the case of the rural areas of Kondoa District, Tanzania. Genus 51(1-2): 155-162, 1995

Experience in promoting the health of the children of a rural district at the physiotherapy clinic of a central district hospital. Likars'ka Sprava 1992(8): 91-92, 1992

District focus as a strategy for rural developmnt in Kenya: the case of Murang'a District, Central Province. Revue Canadienne d' Etudes du Developpement 8(2): 298-316, 1987

Experience with treating children of a rural district in a physical therapy department of a central district hospital. Vrachebnoe Delo 0(8): 91-92, 1992

Prevalence of convulsive epilepsy and health-related quality of life of the population with convulsive epilepsy in rural areas of Tibet Autonomous Region in China: an initial survey. Epilepsy and Behavior 12(3): 373-381, 2008

Prevalence of epilepsy in rural Kansas. Epilepsy Research 108(4): 792-801, 2014

Comparative mortality in people with epilepsy in a rural Kenyan district. 2007

The prevalence of epilepsy in rural Jinshan in Shanghai. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 23(5): 345-346, 2002