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A comparison of nutrition knowledge of freshmen and senior medical students a collaborative study of southeastern medical schools usa



A comparison of nutrition knowledge of freshmen and senior medical students a collaborative study of southeastern medical schools usa



Journal of the American College of Nutrition 7(3): 193-198



It has been documented previously that nutrition knowledge of senior medial students at ten southeastern medical schools varies and is positively correlated with student assessment aof the quantity and quality of nutrition education. To determine whether the differences in knowledge are related to the medical educational experiences or are simply a reflection of differences in the students' knowledge on entry to medical school, the same examination was administered to entering freshmen at eight of the medical schools. The knowledge scores of freshmen were remarkably homogeneous from school to school (53 .+-. 1%, range 51-55%), and nutrition knowledge was significantly higher for seniors than for the freshmen all schools (mean 69 vs 53%, p < 0.0001). On the basis of responses to survey items on the examination, the freshmen medical students were more inclined than senior students to take a nutrition elective (62 vs 24%, p < 0.0001), and more freshmen rates nutrition as being important to their careers (74 vs 59%, p < 0.05). These data indicate that 1) entering freshmen medical students at the different schools studied have comparable levels of nutrition knowledge and are receptive to nutrition education, and 2) differences in medical training programs most likely explain the previously documented variability in nutrition knowledge of graduating medical students. These findings have important implications for professionals planning curricula from medical-nutrition education.

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Accession: 004562740

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PMID: 3392354


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