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A dynamic study on the numerical variations of the fungal species of the genus fusarium isolated from cereal crops



A dynamic study on the numerical variations of the fungal species of the genus fusarium isolated from cereal crops



Pochvoznanie Agrokhimiya i Rastitelna Zashtita 20(6): 61-65



The mycoflora on wheat and maize grains and kidney bean seeds was studied in the crops of 9 consecutive years (1975-1983). The species was established of 3310 isolates of the genus Fusarium. A dynamic quantification was made of the different species and varieties. On wheat, the number of isolates of F. sp. var. poae abruptly went up while that of F. graminearum was reduced. F. oxysporum was also found to significantly decrease in number. On maize, the number of F. graminearum and F. gibbosum significantly diminished. F. oxysporum ranked first in isolation frequency throughout the period of study. F. moniliforme was also among the most frequently occurring. The number of isolates of F. solani was found to increase. On kidney bean, the number of isolates of F. graminearum, F. oxysporum and F. sambucinum decreased. F. gibbosum was the most typical isolate, constantly growing in number and in the last crop it amounted to 80% of the total number of all isolates.

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