+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

A longitudinal study of offspring born to methadone maintained women 2. dyadic interaction and infant behavior at 4 months



A longitudinal study of offspring born to methadone maintained women 2. dyadic interaction and infant behavior at 4 months



American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 10(2): 161-194



As part of a longitudinal study of offspring born to substance abusers, 17 methadone-exposed and 23 comparison 4-mo. old infants were assessed using the Bayley Scales, and their interaction with their mothers was videotaped. In analyzing the Bayley Infant Behavior Record, the methadone-exposed group differed from the comparison group on motor functioning but not significantly on social or cognitive behaviors; methadone-exposed infants were more tense, active and poorly coordinated than comparisons. Using a developed scale, communicative functioning in dyadic interactions, and mothres' interactive performance to their psychological and psychosocial resources and infants' interactive performance to their behavioral functioning as assessed on the Bayley Infant Behavior Record were rated. Applying a multidimensional technique, Guttman's Partial Order Scalogram Analysis by Coordinates (POSAC), an intriguing relationship that generalized across drug and comparison groups was found: greater tension than activity, with high tension especially, related to poorer functioning, but tension lower than activity related to better functioning. Infants who were tense and not active were also poorest on social functioning (low responsiveness to people and low cooperativeness) and showed short attention span and low persistence combined with high interest in sights and sounds. Infants who showed low-to-moderate tension and moderate-to-high activity were highly responsive and cooperative; some also had long attention span and high persistence coupled with interest in sights and sounds. Infants who were both very tense and very active were poor on social functioning. Most infants with tension higher than activity did poorly in communicating with their mothers, while infants with tension lower than activity interacted well. The POSAC technique has enabled are to identify meaningful subgroups of infants who were not merely quantitatively but qualitatively different in their behavioral functioning. Cutting across drug and comparison groups, mothers who performed poorly on interaction were likely to have poor resources for maternal functioning. Methadone was only one among the risk factors affecting interaction.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 004581329

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 6475886


Related references

A Longitudinal Study of Offspring Born to Methadone-Maintained Women. Ii. Dyadic Interaction and Infant Behavior at 4 Months. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 10(2): 161-193, 1984

A longitudinal study of offspring born to methadone-maintained women. III. Effects of multiple risk factors on development at 4, 8, and 12 months. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 10(2): 195-207, 1984

A longitudinal study of offspring born to methadone maintained women 3. effects of multiple risk factors on development at 4 8 and 12 months. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 10(2): 195-208, 1984

A Longitudinal Study of Offspring Born to Methadone-Maintained Women. I. Design, Methodology, and Description of Women's Resources for Functioning. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 10(2): 135-160, 1984

Attachment behavior and its antecedents in offspring born to methadone-maintained women. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 28(1): 58-69, 1999

A longitudinal study of offspring born to methadone maintained women 1. design methodology and description of womens resources for functioning. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 10(2): 135-160, 1984

Offspring born to methadone-maintained women. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 11(1-2): 163-167, 1985

Developmental outcome of children born to methadone maintained women: a review of longitudinal studies. Neurobehavioral Toxicology and Teratology 6(4): 271-275, 1984

Mother expectation of bother and infant attachment behaviors as predictors of mother and child communication at 24 months in children of methadone-maintained women. Infant Mental Health Journal 26(6): 549-569, 2005

Offspring of women with nonorganic psychosis: mother-infant interaction at three-and-a-half and six months of age. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 71(6): 551-558, 1985

Incidence of mortality in infants born to methadone maintained women. Clinical Research 26(3): 590A, 1978

Growth and development of children born to women maintained on methadone during pregnancy. Pediatric Research 11(4): 377, 1977

The incidence of sudden death in infants born to women maintained on methadone. Pediatric Researchpart 2: 405, 1978

A controlled study the development of infants born to heroin dependent and methadone maintained women. Pediatric Researchpart 2: 557, 1978

The use of tricyclic antidepressants in methadone maintained pregnant women and infant outcome. Nida Research Monograph 81: 266-272, 1988