A method for measurement of the effect of blood protein concentrates on the binding forces in cooked ground beef patties

Suter, D.A.; Sustek, E.; Dill, C.W.; Marshall, W.H.; Carpenter, Z.L.

Journal of Food Science 41(6): 1428-1432

1976


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1147
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.1976.tb01188.x
Accession: 004583883

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Abstract
Ground beef with added beef plasma protein concentrate was evaluated mechanically and organoleptically to measure the effect on the binding forces in the cooked meat. The meat patties were cooked, cooled and tested in a constant loading rate, pneumatically operated testing machine with output fed into an X-Y plotter. From the force-deformation curves, the following values were determined: (1) force, stress and deformation at the bioyield point; (2) area under the curve to represent work performed; (3) initial tangent modulus; (4) tangent modulus; and (5) secant modulus. A special holding device was developed to permit tension loading of the patties at a rate of 5 cm/min until rupture of the meat occurred. Treatments consisted of: (1) all meat (control); (2) addition of 1% plasma protein; (3) 2% plasma protein added; (4) addition of 1% plasma protein rehydrated to equivalent moisture content of control; and (5) addition of 2% plasma protein rehydrated to equivalent moisture content of control. Treatments 2, 3, 4 and 5 were significantly higher (P < 0.01) than the control group for force and stress at bioyield and area under the curve. Significant differences (P < 0.05) among treatments were obtained for deformation at bioyield and tangent modulus. Companion samples from the above treatments were evaluated for elasticity and toughness by a taste panel. The sensory panel ratings for toughness were significantly and positively correlated (P < 0.01) with values obtained in the mechanical tests for force at bioyield point, tangent modulus and area under the curve. Sensory evaluations for the elasticity property of the patties were not significantly influenced by the formulation treatments nor was elasticity (sensory panel rating) significantly associated with the mechanical properties considered in the current study.

A method for measurement of the effect of blood protein concentrates on the binding forces in cooked ground beef patties