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A new trial of an egogram questionnaire

A new trial of an egogram questionnaire

Japanese Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine 24(4): 289-298

Using an egogram, a psychological test firmly based on the theory of Transactional Analysis, Dusay divided the human psychological energy into 5 parts. The range of each part was measured and shown on a bar graph which demonstrated the relationship of the parts to each other. Other attempts at measuring such ego states using an objective technique (questionnaire) have not been sufficiently investigated in light of psychological research. A new egogram questionnaire with the concurrent validity and reliability of a psychological test was designed. Sixty items (10 items for each scale: Critical Parent, Nurturing Parent, Adult, Free Child, Adapted Child and Lie Scale) to measure ego states were selected on the basis of the result of multivariate analysis of 147 items, most of which were made referring to the literature of Transactional Analysis and the established egogram questionnaires. Significant differences were also found among 5 parts of ego states. This new egogram questionnaire was standardized from a wide survey of a sample of 4120 normal adults. A validity study of this questionnaire was done. Satisfactory results were obtained among normals, psychosomatic patients and neurotic patients based upon discriminant analysis.

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