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A prospective epidemiologic study of shigellosis in the Israel Defense Forces: implications for the use of shigella vaccines

A prospective epidemiologic study of shigellosis in the Israel Defense Forces: implications for the use of shigella vaccines

Israel Journal of Medical Sciences 23(7): 811-815

Recent development of new shigella vaccines has renewed interst in the current epidemiology of shigellosis in endemic regions. A prospective epidemiologic study of 5,774 soldiers was carried out in the the Israel Defense Forces, between the months of May and September 1984. Shigellosis was found to be responsible for half the diarrhea epidemics and only rarely presented as sporadic cases of diarrhea. The epidemics occurred after exposure to field conditions, whereas under fixed military base conditions the finding of a case of shigellosis generally was not associated with an epidemic spread of the disease. It was concluded that, in this populaiton, effective shigella vaccines may provide an important menas of preventing epidemics of shigellosis in military units operating outside of permanen bases.

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Accession: 004612376

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PMID: 3692749

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