A radiological study of gastric (abomasal) emptying in calves before and after vagotomy

Bell, F.R.; Holbrooke, S.E.; Titchen, D.A.

Journal of Physiology 272(2): 481-493


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3751
PMID: 592200
DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1977.sp012055
Accession: 004615212

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1. Gastric emptying has been studied in the conscious, standing calf by lateral radiography and fluoroscopy of radiopaque meals instilled into the abomasum before and after vagotomy. 2. Bilateral cervical vagotomy proved to be the only certain way of achieving total vagal transection. By instillation of milk into the abomasum through a cannula calves were maintained in normal, healthy condition for up to 36 days after vagotomy. 3. Motility of the antrum was not impaired by vagotomy so that some movement of gastric chyme to the duodenum occurred within minutes of instillation into the abomasum. Complete transference of the test meal was, however, delayed after vagotomy. 4. The greatest effect of vagotomy appeared to be on the abomasal body so that inadequate amounts of chyme were transferred to the antrum for pumping to the duodenum. 5. Delay in passage of contrast material through the intestine was related to delay in gastric emptying although vagotomy may have affected the intestine directly. 6. Following vagotomy the abomasum showed a resumption of normal motility and emptying after 7-29 days. This effect of vagotomy is similar to that seen in the simple stomach and is probably due to the establishment of intrinsic gastric control.