A study of optical zone size and incision redeepening in experimental radial keratotomy
Salz, J.J.; Rowsey, J.J.; Caroline, P.; Azen, S.P.; Suter, M.; Monlux, R.
Archives of Ophthalmology 103(4): 590-594
ISSN/ISBN: 0003-9950 PMID: 3985845 DOI: 10.1001/archopht.1985.01050040132036
The effects of optical clear zone size and incision redeepening following four- and eight-incision radial keratotomy were studied in a series of human cadaver eyes. Keratometry was measured with both the Terry keratometer and corneascope photographs. After eight incisions, induced corneal flattening for each clear zone (Terry keratometry readings) was 3.0 mm, 9.06 diopters; 4.0 mm, 6.44 D; 5.0 mm, 5.23 D; and 6.0 mm, 2.29 D. Differences were statistically significant, except for the 4.0-mm and 5.0-mm zones. Induced corneal flattening following eight incisions (corneoscopy) was 3.0 mm, 9.83 D; 4.0 mm, 8.87 D; 5.0 mm, 6.04 D; and 6.0 mm, 2.59 D. Differences were statistically significant, except for the 3.0-mm and 4.0-mm zones. Peripheral redeepening of the incisions did not significantly increase the amount of corneal flattening for any optical zone, as measured by the Terry keratometer. However, the 3.0-mm optical zone flattened an additional 1.23 D after the redeepening incisions, as measured by corneoscopy. The redeepening incisions were complicated by perforations in 38% of the eyes. Titrating the effect of radial keratotomy by varying the size of the optical zone appears to be valid, but the value of peripheral redeepening in the acute laboratory situation is not supported by these data.